本单元by + v.-ing结构是一个重点，该结构意义是“
示“ 通过某种方式得到某种结果”。 e.g. 通过看英文电影，我的英语提高了。 My English has improved by watching English movies. 介词by + v.-ing结构常用来回答How do you?？或
者 How can?？之类的问题， —How can I turn on the TV? 我怎么开电视？ —By pressing this button. 按这个键。
Getting up early is good for your health.此时可以用 it 作形式主语，而把真正的主语后置。如上句可换为： It’s good for your health to get up early. 2.动名词作宾语。此时它一般放在某一及物动词或介
①后跟动名词作宾语的及物动词常有：finish, enjoy, keep, mind, practice, stand, suggest, consider 等。
She has finished writing her composition. ②作介词的宾语，包括以介词结尾的动词短语，如： give up, take part in, be good at 等。 e.g.我知道你擅长画画。
I know you are good at drawing pictures.
用所给词的适当形式填空。 1.Do you often memorize new words by _______ making (make)
word cards? 2.I think ________ watching (watch) English-language videos is very helpful for you to learn English. 3.Can you finish doing _____ (do) your homework before nine o’clock? making (make) mistakes when 4.Don’t worry about _______ you talk to foreigners in English. 5.Do you enjoy ________ (listen) to cassettes? listening 6.Would you mind _______ (stay) here until you solve staying the problem? 7. ______ Being (be) patient is necessary for our study. 8.The doctor told my father to give up ________ smoking (smoke).
分享英语学习的经验与方法是书面表达的一个重要内 容。在写此类提建议短文时，最重要的是将你所提的建 议罗列清楚，掌握几个常用的句型，必要时可列一个提 纲，正确运用过渡词展开写作。 常用句型归纳如下：
1.There are some good ways to? 2.I think you should? 3.It is also a good idea to?because? 4.You could try to improve your English by? 5.This will help you to? 6.Never give up and keep trying. You’ll make progress.
假如你是李雷,收到了一封玲玲的来 信,信中她说她的英语很差，不知道怎 样提高,希望你给予帮助。请用英语写 一封回信,信的开头已给出。80词左右。
Dear Lingling, I heard from you yesterday. I knew your English is bad. In fact, English is not as difficult as you think. Here are some good ways for you. Firstly, you should get everything ready before class and don’t be shy to speak English in class or out of class. Secondly, listen carefully and make notes when you're in class. It can help you understand the lesson better. Thirdly, revise the lesson after the class. Don’t worry too much about it. Last, Keep trying and you’ll soon learn it better. Yours, Li Lei